Posts Tagged: theological education
Seminaries and graduate schools around the world are asking for PhD holders to come as missionaries and teach Bible and theology. I know of one major seminary in Europe who posted their openings in a major evangelical magazine, only to find no takers. Why is this and how can we help?
Why They Are Hard to Find
1. God has not called them. This is simple enough. To go to another culture with your spouse and kids usually requires God to uproot you in some way that is so clear that you believe God is leading you to the field.
2. Some think raising money is below their degree. I only write this because I have heard it so often. Raising support is for the M.Div. students, so I have been told. It is for the staff of some campus ministry or for helping orphans and those on the margins of society. I know of many that would rather work at Starbucks or UPS than ask people for their support to go overseas.
3. It is a career killer, or maybe better an inhibitor. You can't participate at ETS/SBL. Your library (if you have one) is more limited. The education level of the students (in some cases) is at a much lower level then what you find in the US (though that seems to be changing for the worse here). Their colleagues might not be as educated and able to provide them helpful feedback or sharpening of ones own skills.
4. It may involve learning ANOTHER language. Most PhD students have learned Greek, Hebrew, German and French and now we are asking them to potentially teach it all in another language. This is a real challenge. Who wants to spend 2-3 years trying to master Japanese in order to teach Greek when your mother tongue in English after having spent years toiling with participles?
5. You don't have very many friends who can support you. One reality that faces graduates is that in the last six years you have probably lived in three different locations, and in each locations you probably did not make a lot of friends. You have spent a lot of time in libraries or have probably only gotten to know your fellow classmates.
6. You can still teach modular classes overseas without leaving your job in the US.
7. Debt. Plain and simple, going to school costs a lot of money. Very few escape with a PhD and less than $45K of school loans from the various institutions they have attended (at least in my experience).
How The Church Can Help
1. Pray God calls them (or me or you). There is such a great need for well-trained, godly, pastoral cross-cultural teachers.
2. Challenge the belief that fundraising is not for them. Have them read Steve Shadrach's Viewpoints. It could be that one of the reasons people have a hard time asking for support is because they do not think the people around them are generous. That is fair. That means we should be even more open in our generosity and encourage them to go by pledging our support.
3. Seminaries in the west must talk to students about the global Church and do so often. It is not enough to talk about it in the Missions 101 class. It should permeate all of our classes. Maybe seminaries should offer some full rides to students interested in teaching in developing countries.
4. Churches should talk about being missional not just in their community, but around the world. They should also disciple these students and get them into small groups with people in the church who are not theology students, but serving the Lord in different career paths.
5. Create a way to get rid of the debt. I have prayed that some donor would come to TLI or set up on their own a fund that would pay off the debt of PhD's if they committed to 5 years of service overseas. Medical doctors have a program like this. I believe this incentive would unleash many into service. I am thankful for places like Bethlehem College and Seminary that are focused on keeping the costs low.
I am sure there are many reasons people do not go and many more ways we can help them. This is just a starting point.
Training Leaders International just released the newest edition of the Journal of Global Christianity, which has over 100 pages of articles and book reviews. The journal is available in five languages: English, French, Spanish, Chinese, and Farsi.
The Journal of Global Christianity seeks to promote international scholarship and discussion on topics related to global Christianity. The journal addresses key issues related to the mission of the Church, in hopes of helping those who labor for the gospel wrestle with and apply biblical teachings on various challenging mission topics. The journal targets an audience of pastors, missionaries, and Christian workers around the world.
This volume has the following contributions:
- Darren Carlson l EDITORIAL: Encouraging Women to Do Biblical Studies at the Graduate Level
- H.H. Drake Williams, III I Evaluating a Response to the Refugee Crisis through a Biblical Theological Lens: Perspectives from the Epistle of James
- Fred Farrokh l Pursuing Integrated Identity in Christ in Ministry to Muslims
- John A. Wind l Does the Old Testament "Authorize" a Creation Care Mission of the Institutional Church? Examining Christopher Wright's Claims
- Thomas R. Schreiner l New Trajectories and Old Patterns: Hermeneutics and Same-Sex Advocacy
- Aaron and Meg Brown l REPORT FROM THE FIELD: Reflections on Our One Year Anniversary
- David W. Shenk l APPROACHES TO MINISTRY: The Universal Questions Muslims Ask
The Journal also contains book reviews.
Join me in praising God for all those who made this journal possible. May this journal also be an encouragement to our brothers and sisters around the world.
Andy Naselli highlights some advice John Frame has for students and theologians. There is a
lot of wisdom here:
- Consider that you might not really be called to theological
work. James 3:1 tells us that not many
of us should become teachers and that teachers will be judged more strictly. To
whom much (biblical knowledge) is given, of them shall much be required.
- Value your relationship with Christ, your family, and the church
above your career ambitions. You will influence more people by your life than
by your theology. And deficiencies in your life will negate the influence of
your ideas, even if those ideas are true.
- Remember that the fundamental work of theology is to understand
the Bible, God’s Word, and apply it to the needs of people. Everything
else—historical and linguistic expertise, exegetical acuteness and subtlety,
knowledge of contemporary culture, and philosophical sophistication—must be
subordinated to that fundamental goal. If it is not, you may be acclaimed as a
historian, linguist, philosopher, or critic of culture, but you will not be a
- In doing the work of theology (the fundamental work, #3), you
have an obligation to make a case for what you advocate. That should be
obvious, but most theologians today haven’t a clue as to how to do it. Theology
is an argumentative discipline, and you need to know enough about logic and
persuasion to construct arguments that are valid, sound, and persuasive. In
theology, it’s not enough to display knowledge of history, culture, or some
other knowledge. Nor is it enough to quote people you agree with and reprobate
people you don’t agree with. You actually have to make a theological case for
what you say.
- Learn to write and speak clearly and cogently. The best
theologians are able to take profound ideas and present them in simple
language. Don’t try to persuade people of your expertise by writing in opaque
- Cultivate an intense devotional life and ignore people who
criticize this as pietistic. Pray without ceasing. Read the Bible, not just as
an academic text. Treasure opportunities to worship in chapel services and
prayer meetings, as well as on Sunday. Give attention to your “spiritual
formation,” however you understand that.
- A theologian is essentially a preacher, though he typically
deals with more arcane subjects than preachers do. But be a good
preacher. Find some way to make your theology speak to the hearts of people.
Find a way to present your teaching so that people hear God’s voice in it.
- Be generous with your resources. Spend time talking to students,
prospective students, and inquirers. Give away books and articles. Don’t be
tightfisted when it comes to copyrighted materials; grant copy permission to
anybody who asks for it. Ministry first, money second.
- In criticizing other theologians, traditions, or movements,
follow biblical ethics. Don’t say that somebody is a heretic unless you have a
very good case. Don’t throw around terms like “another gospel.” (People who
teach another gospel are under God’s curse.) Don’t destroy people’s reputations
by misquoting them, quoting them out of context, or taking their words in the
worst possible sense. Be gentle and gracious unless you have irrefutable
reasons for being harsh.
- When there is a controversy, don’t get on one side right away.
Do some analytical work first, on both positions. Consider these possibilities:
(a) that the two parties may be looking at the same issue from different
perspectives, so they don’t really contradict; (b) that both parties are
overlooking something that could have brought them together; (c) that they are
talking past one another because they use terms in different ways; (d) that
there is a third alternative that is better than either of the opposing views
and that might bring them together; (e) that their differences, though genuine,
ought both to be tolerated in the church, like the differences between
vegetarians and meat-eaters in Romans 14.
- If you get a bright idea, don’t expect everybody to get it right
away. Don’t immediately start a faction to promote it. Don’t revile those who
haven’t come to appreciate your thinking. Reason gently with them, recognizing
that you could be wrong and arrogant to boot.
- Don’t be reflexively critical of everything that comes out of a
different tradition. Be humble enough to consider that other traditions may
have something to teach you. Be teachable before you start teaching them. Take
the beam out of your own eye.
- Be willing to reexamine your own tradition with a critical eye.
It is unreasonable to think that any single tradition has all the truth or is
always right. And unless theologians develop critical perspectives on their own
denominations and traditions, the reunion of the body of Christ will never take
place. Don’t be one of those theologians who are known mainly for trying to
make Arminians become Calvinists (or vice versa).
- See confessional documents in proper perspective. It is the work
of theology, among other things, to rethink the doctrines of the confessions
and to reform them, when necessary, by the Word of God. Do not assume that
everything in the confession is forever settled.
- Don’t let your polemics be governed by jealousy, as when a
theologian feels bound to be entirely negative toward the success of a
- Don’t become known as a theologian who constantly takes potshots
at other theologians or other Christians. The enemy is Satan, the world, and
- Guard your sexual instincts. Stay away from Internet pornography
and illicit relationships. Theologians are not immune from the sins that plague
others in the church.
- Be active in a good church. Theologians need the means of grace
as much as other believers. This is especially important when you are studying
at a secular university or liberal seminary. You need the support of other
believers to maintain proper theological perspective.
- Get your basic training at a seminary that teaches the Bible as
the Word of God. Become well-grounded in the theology of Scripture before you
go off (as you may, of course) to get firsthand exposure to nonbiblical
- Come to appreciate the wisdom, even theological wisdom, of
relatively uneducated Christians. Don’t be one of those theologians who always has
something negative to say when a simple believer describes his walk with the
Lord. Don’t look down at people from what Helmut Thielicke called “the high
horse of enlightenment.” Often, simple believers know God better than you do,
and you need to learn from them, as did Abraham Kuyper, for instance.
- Don’t be one of those theologians who get excited about every
new trend in politics, culture, hermeneutics, and even theology and who think
we have to reconstruct our theology to go along with each trend. Don’t think
you have to be a feminist, e.g., just because everybody else is. Most of the
theologies that try to be culturally savvy are unbiblical.
- Be suspicious of all trendiness in theology. When everybody
jumps on some theological bandwagon, whether narrative, feminism, redemptive
history, natural law, liturgy, liberation, postmodernism, or whatever, that’s
the time to awaken your critical faculties. Don’t jump on the bandwagon unless
you have done your own study. When a theological trend comes along, ask
reflexively, “What’s wrong with that?” There is always something wrong. It
simply is not the case that the newest is the truest. Indeed, many new
movements turn out to be false steps entirely.
- Our system of doctoral-level education requires “original thought,”
but that can be hard to do, given that the church has been studying Scripture
for thousands of years. You’ll be tempted to come up with something that sounds
new (possibly by writing a thesis that isn’t properly theological at all in the
sense of #3 above). Well, do it; get it out of the way, and then come back to
do some real theology.
- At the same time, don’t reject innovation simply because it is
innovative. Even more, don’t reject an idea merely because it doesn’t sound
like what you’re used to. Learn to distinguish the sound-look-feel of an idea
from what it actually means.
- Be critical of arguments that turn on metaphors or extrabiblical
technical terms. Don’t assume that each one has a perfectly clear meaning.
Usually they do not.
- Learn to be skeptical of the skeptics. Unbelieving and liberal
scholars are as prone to error as anybody—in fact, more so.
- Respect your elders. Nothing is so ill-becoming as a young
theologian who despises those who have been working in the field for decades.
Disagreement is fine, as long as you acknowledge the maturity and the
contributions of those you disagree with. Take 1
Timothy 5:1 to heart.
- Young theologians often imagine themselves as the next Luther, just
as little boys imagine themselves as the next Peyton Manning or Kevin Garnett.
When they’re too old to play cowboys and Indians, they want to play Luther and
the Pope. When the real Pope won’t play with them, they pick on somebody else
and say, “You’re it.” Look: most likely God has not chosen you to be the leader
of a new Reformation. If he has, don’t take the exalted title “Reformer” upon
yourself. Let others decide if that is really what you are.
- Decide early in your career (after some experimenting) what to
focus on and what not to. When considering opportunities, it’s just as
important (perhaps more so) to know when to say no as to know when to say yes.
- Don’t lose your sense of humor.
We should take God seriously, not ourselves, and certainly not theology. To
lose your sense of humor is to lose your sense of proportion. And nothing is
more important in theology than a sense of proportion.
In August of 1989 I have the
privilege of participating in a mission trip to the bush country of East
Africa….I was unprepared for some of my encounters with many of the professing
Christians in this equatorial setting. Lying, stealing, and immorality were
common and generally accepted, even among the leadership of the church. Theological understanding was as scarce
as water, the disease of doctrinal error as common as malaria.
Soon I discovered one of the main
reasons this church looked as though it had been started by Corinthian
missionaries. No one had a Bible – not the pastor, not a deacon, no one. The
pastor had only half-a-dozen sermons, all half-baked over the coals of a few
Bible-story recollections. Every sixth week came the same sermon. The only real
contact with Scripture happened with the occasional visit of a missionary or
when an area denominational leader would preach.
Disciplines for the Christian Life