Posts Tagged: Missions
Other Equally Very Important Side of Romans 10:14-17
then will they call on him in whom they have not believed? And how are they to
believe in him of whom they have never heard? And how are they to hear without
someone preaching? 15 And
how are they to preach unless they are sent? As it is written, “How beautiful
are the feet of those who preach the good news!” 16 But they have not all obeyed the
gospel. For Isaiah says, “Lord, who has believed what he has heard from us?” 17 So faith comes from hearing, and
hearing through the word of Christ.
words to the Romans in this passage have appeared in many sermons on missions
and in missionary reports. The argument often is that people must be sent to
preach the gospel, since without a preacher, people will not call on the name
of the Lord and be saved. The logic of Romans 10:14-15 is straightforward. This
point cannot be debated. But, have we missed an equally very important point of
this passage by focusing so much on the need to send? I think so.
is another part of Romans 10 that, if taken seriously, will intensify the
desire to bring the gospel to the nations. This point only comes into view when
we take Romans 10:14-15 in the context of Romans 9:30-10:17. We want to ask, “Why
did Paul say these words in this particular place?” To answer, we look in
summary form at the development of his argument and make the following
is a situation of unbelief that is displeasing to Paul (9:30-33). The
issue is that Gentiles have trusted God for righteousness. But Israel, by
trying to pursue righteousness through works, has not obtained it (9:32). The
actions of Gentiles and those of Israel are contrasted in 9:30-31. Israel
failed to understand that being made right with God is a matter of faith and
not works. It is the person who “believes in him” that “will not be put to
shame” (9:33). Right away, we see that faith is necessary for a right
relationship with God.
response to the situation of unbelief in Israel (10:1-4). In
response, Paul says, “Brothers, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for them is
that they may be saved” (10:1). It seems that Paul is very burdened, desires
their salvation, and prays that God will do it. His burden is because his
fellow Israelites are zealous for God, but in ignorance. They do not know that
righteousness with God is by faith and not by works, and so they labor to
obtain it. In other words, they are lost and need the gospel that promises
salvation through faith alone.
message of salvation explained (10:5-13). In this
section, Paul takes time to explain the message of salvation that is by faith.
In order to do that, he contrasts righteousness by the law and righteousness by
faith (10:5-6). As a matter of fact, the message is not so hard that one should
wonder how he or she can possibly obtain it (10:6b-8). The message says, “If
you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that
God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. For with the heart one
believes and is justified, and with the mouth one confesses and is saved”
(10:9-10). This is the message taught in Scripture (10:11) and the same message
holds for everyone (10:12). What is required is faith: “Everyone who calls on
the name of the Lord will be saved” (10:13).
how is anyone to hear unless there is a preacher (10:14-15). The
words of Paul about the need for a preacher to be sent comes in the context of
the unbelief of Israel and the faith of Gentiles, his burden for his people and
prayer that God will save them, and his explanation of the gospel message that
view of the above observations, we can note the following points:
is not enough to be eager to send people to preach the gospel. One can do that
and not be moved by it at all. Anybody can give money for a preacher to be sent
to the heathen. Instead, it seems that preceding the sending is a sense of the
danger of the lost in seeking a righteousness of their own based on works and a
burden for them; a desire and prayer that God will save them. Paul was burdened
and so he prayed. He also knew how ignorant his fellow country people were, and
sought to help change the situation. So, there needs to be an understanding of
the situation of those needing to hear the gospel, a burden on our hearts that
pushes us to pray.
message of salvation is clear and rooted in Scripture. Paul took time (10:5-13)
to explain the message of salvation. It is not enough to know that people need
the gospel, it is not enough to be burdened and pray, we must armourselves with
a message. It must be clear and easily explained.
all of these, then we seek to see how that message will go to those who need it
by sending preachers (10:14-15). Interestingly, the preacher must have a
message because without a message there will be no faith. Note what Paul says
in 10:17, “So faith comes from hearing, and hearing through the word of
we strive to bring the gospel to the nations, let us ask God to give us a
burden for the nations, be purposeful in prayer, confident in our message, and
obedient in going and sending.
From Amy Walters at SEND.
1. The Banker. Nothing but support updates and requests for money. Oh, and maybe a story about visiting a church and asking for money. “It’s not too late to join our team.”
2. The Paper Cut. Focused mainly on the long, paperwork-filled process of getting legal documents, like visas or residency permits. As boring and painful to read as the actual process of gathering the documents and waiting in line. “The officials did not accept our documents (which is very normal for the first attempt, although it was over very small mistakes). However, to get a second appointment would mean waiting the next day in a long line (this whole process has been full of long lines all over the city for different steps) to see if the quota is still open. So, the next day Leon* waited in line for 5 hours, only to find out that no, the quota is closed. This means that we cannot apply for the temporary residency until after the New Year.”
3. The Cluster Bomb. No communication for months and then a sudden rush of updates. Often this happens when the missionary needs something, like more support or home service is coming. “At the risk of sounding like a broken record, we will give another report about how wonderful our time was on our recent trip!”
4. The Itinerary. Basically, a long list of activities, locations and events in paragraph form. The audience feels tired after reading it and bouncing from one place to the next. “We were able to combine visits to see Kim’s* father in Pennsylvania, children and grandchildren in Lynchburg, Virginia and Buffalo, New York to meeting friends and attending a new career conference in Ocean City, New Jersey.”
5. The Treasure Hunt. Mostly filled with cultural tidbits and mundane details. But buried somewhere deep inside, like in a sidebar or at the very end of a long letter, is a great ministry story. [After nine paragraphs about other things] “Praise God for a girl in my class who has now received assurance of salvation.”
6. The Novel. Anything longer than three pages. This usually happens because the missionary hasn’t written in months. “And one more thing…”
7. The Christmas Letter. Almost entirely made up of family updates, with little or nothing said about ministry. Added bonus: long description and pictures of a recent family vacation to an exotic location. “Another family invited us to join them at a nearby resort.”
8. The Cliff Hanger. A desperate call for prayer or help that is not followed up and resolved in the next letter.“Ended up in hospital, trying to find what’s going on. Our life here is but a moment, so easy to take it for granted.”
9. Generic. As boring as the title, either from lack of interesting details or mainly focusing on day to day stuff. So general that it could be cut and pasted into anyone’s newsletter and still apply. “While at home, I did a lot of cleaning, sorting, and washing windows.”
10. The Shock & Awe. Too much going on, from too many different styles of fonts, to too many colors and clip art and photos and graphs and sections. The eyes don’t know where to look first. “Above: My fourth great-nephew and I pose for a comical photo on Thanksgiving Day.”
11. The Snooze & Blah. No pictures. No colors. No graphics. Just words.
12. The Judge. A negative assessment of the host culture, either subtle or blatant. “Is it possible to be both different and wrong?”
13. The Gory Details. Goes into great detail about something incredibly gross or personal, like a recent surgery or explosive illness. Also could include pictures. “We could admire the iron in our toilet bowl.”
14. The Bait & Switch. Teases you with the promise of a great story but instead gets sidetracked with related but unimportant details. “So we landed in [the city], got in a van and rode out to join the teen camp that was starting the next day. 10 days later we took part in the English camp. The time at the camp definitely got us back into life here quickly.”
She offers to helpful tips here.
Visit most campus ministries in the US and you will find new believers being discipled by ministry staff, students growing in their faith, attending Bible studies and worship services through the week. Almost none of them will be part of a church - including staff.
Many of these Christians have then hit the mission field, getting support from friends or the churches that their uncle, cousin or friend from 2nd grade attends who want to designate some money in their budget for missionaries. Steve Shadrach, who does the primary support-raising seminars for support-based positions (campus ministries, missionaries, etc.), recommends not approaching churches when looking for support. They are too slow! These missionaries, having raised support head overseas with a team, an autonomous group that partners with local ministries. None of them will get involved in the ministry of a local church. Most will not attend a church at all!
When Kevin DeYoung and Ted Kluck wrote Why We Love the Church, it was not just about combating the emergent church movement and "progressive evangelicals." It spoke to a bigger problem. Not only were people at ease in frequently criticizing Christ's bride, there seemed to be a lot of people doing "ministry" without any connection to a local church. Do a little research of your own: Go to a local Christian school and see how many faculty members are plugged into a local church. Then head to the closest college campus ministry and see if their staff have a church to call home and whether they encourage any students to attend any church. Really - go to any type of para-church ministry. Most likely, what you will find is the majority of people see no need. They emphasize the global church and their personal relationship with Jesus.
This is why it does not shock me when I travel overseas and find that the majority of missionaries and their families do not have a church to call home. Pioneer church planters might get a pass here because there is no church, but everyone else - seminary professors, teachers, evangelists, linguists, social workers, you name it, have a hard time plugging in. This past year I spent time in three eastern european countries. The overwhelming majority of missionaries there did not have a church they called home or attended on a regular basis.
Some readers might see no problem with churchless Christianity. I’m not going to spend time critiquing that here. I’m just assuming there should be no such thing as a churchless Christian. Some might also criticize me for painting too broad a brush here. I will be the first to admit that some situations make it difficult for missionaries to find a church to be a part of where they are serving. Just to give an example - I have friends who served in west Africa who wanted to be part of a local church, but every time they went the pastor and church members inundated them with financial requests. It became so stressful for them it almost caused them to come home. So there - I admit it. Hard for sure. But is this the case for everyone? It can not be so!
With this in mind, I offer three suggestions for getting back to church-based missions. It seems bizarre that we even need a category for this, but it’s necessary based on where we are today.
1.I think it would be best to drop the “sending organization” paradigm. I’m not against missions organizations (TLI is one!). However, no organization should be sending out missionaries. The local church is who prepares, commissions and sends. I have had to think through this as it relates to TLI. Will TLI open our hiring up to anyone on staff, or should we require that each staff member have a sending church that claims them as their own and sends them in a manner worthy of the gospel? We chose the latter, believing that TLI coordinates the sending. We don’t send anyone. The church does.
2. Missions organizations would be wise to put the heavy lifting of missionary care on the local church and make sure that it is communicated up front to the church. Should mission organizations, with certain expertise, step in and help missionaries? Absolutely! But the primary care, especially if there is a long-term need, must be accepted by the local church. Is there some co-laboring in care? Yes! Should a missionary find a home church where they serve? Ideally! But again, the local sending church should bear the responsibility.
3. No church or individual should support a missionary unless they have a primary sending church that has trained, commissioned and committed to sending them out. I know for smaller churches it is harder to be the primary sender, but they could still withhold support unless there was a primary sending church standing with the missionaries. Similar to individuals not giving to a non-profit unless audits are done, so individuals should not give unless a local church in behind those requesting support.
More could be said, but maybe we can start here. Let's love the church while reaching the nations.
roughly three different fundraising philosophies Christians follow when they
raise support. They are:
information, no solicitation approach
information, no solicitation approach
information, full solicitation approach
made the first approach famous. He claimed that he never asked anyone for any
money, though he did spend four decades telling stories of God's provision to
crowds around the world. One may question Muller's style here. If you had a
world-wide audience, where at the end of every message you ended with telling
them you never asked anyone for money, what do you think would happen? Muller
had so much money he had to give it away - much of which was given to Hudson
and CT Studd made the second approach well known, and it dominated the majority
how missionaries viewed the solicitation of funds in the modern missions
movement. It was later called the "faith principle." Missionaries would
go out, share prayer requests, but never say how much they actually needed.
They just prayed and asked God to meet their needs. Lillias Trotter, founder of
Algers Missions Board also took this approach. Read this letter for example to see how this played
The third way
is seen most clearly in DL Moody, who would write and personally ask people to
invest money into the work of Christ's Church. Today most missionaries and
those who operate on support take this approach, though I believe many wish
approach two worked better!
I would say
that most missionaries today fall between approaches two and three. Many do not
enjoy asking people for money directly, so they send out support letters with
reply cards, but will not ask someone face to face to support them financially.
Here is the
crux of the issue - why is it ok for pastors to preach on giving and churches
to challenge their people to be generous, but not ok for a missionary to ask
directly for people to be generous? Muller's approach was passive agressive. I
am asking but not asking. Hudson Taylor and CT Studd were the same - here are
our needs, pray about them, but we are not going to ask you to meet them. We
are asking God.
never says that asking people to pray is good, but asking to give is not. It
feels manipulative asking people to just pray when everyone knows full well I
need financial support. Joining your support team (for whatever you are doing)
is a chance for someone to invest in something with eternal consequence. Do you
believe in the mission enough to have someone else invest. What better return
on investment would you need in order to ask people to invest?